Diet for gout - action and nutritional characteristics

It is impossible to cure gout, but it is indeed possible to alleviate the patient's condition and stop the progression. Not only medications can help with this, we can achieve the effect with moderate exercise and diet.

Diet for gout

The highest concentrations of purines are found in alcohol and red meat. Gout causes a metabolic disorder that leads to the accumulation of uric acid in the body and the deposition of uric acid salts in the joints. Therefore, the goal of a gout diet is to reduce the concentration of substances in the blood and normalize metabolism. The effect can be achieved by eliminating foods rich in purines from the diet. When these compounds are degraded, uric acid is formed.

Characteristics of the gout diet

In order to normalize metabolism, the diet of gout should be fragmented. It is recommended to eat at least 4 times a day, at the same time, in small portions. But fasting and a single meal rich in purines is contraindicated in gout as it can lead to worsening of the disease.

People with the disease should pay attention to fluid intake as consuming a lot of water contributes to a better excretion of purines from the body. It is recommended to consume about 1. 5 liters of drink per day. Suitable for purified and alkaline mineral water, fruit juices or fruit drinks, milk and weak teas. Wild rose decoction or infusion is useful, which copes with the extraction of purines and improves kidney function. But it is better to refuse strong tea, coffee and alcohol as these can increase the pain.

rosehip decoction for gout

The gout menu should contain minimal salt. This is due to the fact that salt can cause the precipitation and accumulation of urate in the body. To avoid this, the daily dose should be reduced to 6 grams.

It is a good idea to limit the use of animal proteins and fats, easily digestible carbohydrates, and foods that contain oxalic acid. It is recommended to eat fish and meat up to 2-3 times a week. It should be consumed cooked, rarely fried. Fish, mushroom and meat soups should be discarded as most of the purines are removed during cooking.

Unwanted foods for gout are legumes and spices. Purine-rich grapes, figs, blueberries, raspberries, mushrooms, cauliflower, offal, canned fish and meat, herring, smoked meats, sausages, spinach, sorrel, chocolate, pastries, cream cakes, peanuts should be left out of the menu.

The basis of gout nutrition is plant food. All kinds of vegetables will be useful - zucchini, cucumbers, eggplant, potatoes, carrots and white cabbage. Only radishes, peppers, celery, rhubarb and asparagus should be consumed in limited quantities. All of these products can be eaten raw or cooked from soups, stews, mashed potatoes and decoctions.

Sour dairy products are no less useful for treating gout. Particular attention should be paid to low-fat cheeses and curds and foods made from them. It is recommended to include cereals and pasta on the menu.

what can and cannot be eaten in gout

Bread should be consumed in moderation, to a limited extent - baking. Of the meat products, rabbit, turkey or chicken is preferred. You can enjoy fruit, berries and honey. The gout menu should include shrimp, squid, nuts and eggs. Sometimes you can eat candy. Those allowed include non-chocolate confectionery, meringues, milkshakes and creams, marshmallows, marshmallows, dried fruits, jam and marmalade. In the case of gouty olive and flaxseed oil, butter and vegetable oils can also be added to foods.

If you do not follow the dietary rules of gout and drink alcohol, the disease can get worse. The body must ensure maximum unloading. It is recommended that a fast be arranged. During this time, you should only drink large amounts of fruit juices or mineral water. You can follow the diet for up to a day, after which you may want to switch to a gouty diet. It is useful for spending fasting days and preventing exacerbations. They may not be as hard and contain fermented dairy products, fruits, berries, vegetables and juices on the menu.